International concern about acidic precipitation as a possibly serious, widespread pollution problem with severe ecological consequences has increased the pace of acid rain research in the United States. In the 1974 Science paper “Acid Rain: A Serious Regional Environmental Problem,” which made “acid rain” a household term, scientist Gene Likens and his team reported on New Hampshire rain showers as acidic as lemon juice.

The causes of acid rain, how acid rain affects our environment and our health, and what regulatory actions have been put in place to reduce the pollutants that cause acid rain. Acid rain is defined as any type of precipitation with a pH that is unusually low.

Acid rain occurs when high levels of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide enter in the atmosphere and start undergoing chemical transformation.

Precipitation comes in the form of rain, snow, sleet, or hail.

However, factors commonly considered to make landscapes susceptible to acidification by acid rain are the same factors long known to strongly acidify soils through the natural processes of soil formation.

Acid rain problems will persist as long as fossil fuel use does, and countries such as China that have relied heavily on coal for electricity and steel production are grappling with those effects. Precipitation collects acidic particles and gases and becomes acidic. Acid rain - Acid rain - History: Modern anthropogenic acid deposition began in Europe and eastern North America after World War II, as countries in those areas greatly increased their consumption of fossil fuels.

The main causes of acid rain are gases called sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx). The water isn’t literally turning to jelly, but acid reduces the biological availability of calcium in lakes, favoring aquatic organisms with low calcium requirements— many of which are covered in a jellyish coating.

As acid rain falls on trees, it can make them lose their leaves, damage their bark, and stunt their growth. The impact of decades of acid rain (better known as acid precipitation) is causing North American lakes to turn to jelly. When coal and petroleum are burned in automobiles, electric power plants, and factories, they release certain harmful gases into the air. By damaging these parts of the tree, it makes them vulnerable to disease, extreme weather, and insects. When the water in the air comes down as rain, sleet, hail, or snow, it carries with it these gases. Acid Rain Effects Research—A Status Report Citations Metrics; Reprints & Permissions; PDF Abstract. Jump to main content .

There are two types of deposition processes: wet and dry.

Acid rain, also called acid precipitation or acid deposition, precipitation possessing a pH of about 5.2 or below primarily produced from the emission of sulfur dioxide (SO 2) and nitrogen oxides (NO x; the combination of NO and NO 2) from human activities, mostly the combustion of fossil fuels. These gases combine with the oxygen and water in the air. Acid rain also damages man-made materials and structures. Acid rain results when sulfur dioxide (SO 2) and nitrogen oxides (NO X) are emitted into the atmosphere and transported by wind and air currents.The SO 2 and NO X react with water, oxygen and other chemicals to form sulfuric and nitric acids. Acid rain affects each and every components of ecosystem.

These then mix with water and other materials before falling to the ground. Acid rain is made up of water droplets that are unusually acidic because of atmospheric pollution, most notably the excessive amounts of sulfur and nitrogen released by cars and industrial processes. These harmful gases are absorbed by water droplets in the clouds and they fall on the earth during rains. Acid rain is a form of air pollution. Acid rain occurs when acid-containing precipitation falls onto the earth’s surface.

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