One of the challenges that PETA faces in its campaign to end animal testing is that many of these tests have become entrenched in international testing guidelines, most notably those of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).. Costs of Animal and Non-Animal Testing Humane Society International Some animal tests take months or years to conduct and analyze (e.g., 4-5 years, in the case of rodent cancer studies), at a cost of hundreds of thousands—and sometimes millions—of dollars per substance examined (e.g., $2 to $4 million per two-species lifetime cancer study). Animal testing and its alternatives - the most important omics is economics. AU - Hartung, Thomas. With this article, we counter this trend of negligence and try to convey the message that animal models are an indispensible complement to the literature on human economic decision making. AU - Bottini, Annamaria A.

T1 - Food for thought... on the economics of animal testing. The Economist offers authoritative insight and opinion on international news, politics, business, finance, science, technology and the connections between them. Meigs L(1)(2), Smirnova L(3), Rovida C(4), Leist M(4), Hartung T(3)(4).
Studies in non-human animals have led to “countless” treatments for various diseases, according to a recent article on The Conversation.

Though animal research is different from other animal issues in that it doesn’t lend itself very well to consumer pressure tactics, economics still plays a major role in its perpetuation. Systematic reviews examine large numbers of animal experiments selected randomly to eliminate bias. PY - 2009/12/1. It is demon-strable that many valuable techniques, pharma-ceuticals, pesticides, and other products have been developed or tested using animals.
In this article, researchers examine the economics of animal research, setting aside ethical questions to look at how various stakeholders are harmed by current drug development practices. Author information: (1)Senior, Friends School of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD, USA. Despite the rich tradition in psychology and biology, animals as research subjects have never gained a similar acceptance in microeconomics research. Yet ani- Y1 - 2009/12/1 TY - JOUR.

They represent the ‘gold standard’ when assessing biomedical research.

Economic Considerations Economic considerations play an important role in decisions on the use of animals in research, test-ing, and, to a lesser extent, education.

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