Further, attachment theory tends to ignore what happens between infant and adult after proximity is attained, and how the nature of attachments and working models might be modified according to changes in the caregiving circumstances. Many social work commentators label attachment theory as a psychosocial theory as it explores the area of human experience which is formed by the interaction between the psychological condition of the individual and the social environment (Howe, 2002; Coulshed and Orme, 1998). During the 1960s Bowlby turned to study the normal process of attachment, working with a psychologist, Mary Ainsworth, with whom he developed attachment theory. Attachment theory seems to be the most recent in a long line of psychotherapy crazes promising to finally provide the magical solution to reliably heal suffering. Some influential ideas in the social sciences have their roots in the life experiences of the creator and his or her culture. In the 1930s John Bowlby worked as a psychiatrist in a Child Guidance Clinic in London, where he treated many emotionally disturbed children. For example, Hewitt (2013), writing in The Guardian, states that ‘parenting manuals based on Bowlby's attachment theory prioritize the bond between mother and child, sideline the father and keep women away from work’. Let us consider the life experiences of the British psychiatrist John Bowlby, the father of attachment theory. Infants of adolescent mothers are at risk for poor attachment outcomes that are associated with long-term adverse consequences in cognitive, adaptive, and behavioral domains ( Belsky & Fearon, 2002 ; Karen, 1990 ). ; Bowlby suggested that a child would initially form only one attachment and that the attachment figure acted as a secure base for exploring the world. This paper provides a review of attachment theory and relates the attachment perspective to the unique challenges of clinical work with adolescent mothers and their children. Take-home Messages of Bowlby's Theory. This appears to be true of attachment theory. This emphasised that attachment relations are important throughout life, and that later relationships and social and emotional functioning depend on the security of the first attachment. Critiques of attachment theory have also entered public discourse. Attachment theory in psychology originates with the seminal work of John Bowlby (1958). It is worth noting that as with all individual theories, attachment theory does not seek to explain, nor is it able to, cover all … Bowlby’s evolutionary theory of attachment suggests that children come into the world biologically pre-programmed to form attachments with others, because this will help them to survive.

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