According to the argument, there is no need to wander around looking for physical evidence of the existence of God; we can easily work out that he exists just by thinking about it. We saw in our discussion of Anselm that Anselm was trying to provide a reductio ad absurdum of the atheist’s position, by showing that the supposition that God does not exist in reality leads to an absurdity. Ontological argument purports to be an a priori proof of the existence of God. 1 Gaunilo’s ‘Lost Island’ argument.

Ontological arguments contend that we can know that God exists in the same way that we know that 2 + 2 = 4: through reason alone. The original article and bibliography can be ... “The Ontological Argument”, in The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Religion, P. Copan and C. Meister (eds. Existence is derived immediately from the clear and distinct idea of a supremely perfect being. ), London: Routledge. Descartes’ ontological (or a priori) argument is both one of the most fascinating and poorly understood aspects of his philosophy. The Ontological argument is an argument for God’s existence based entirely on reason. The special argument based on the existence of order or design in the universe (also called the teleological argument) proves immediately the existence of a supramundane mind of vast intelligence, and ultimately the existence of God. The argument was first proposed by St Anselm … Rethinking the ontological argument : a neoclassical theistic response in SearchWorks catalog This argument is capable of being developed at great length, but it must be stated here very briefly. Fascination with the argument stems from the effort to prove God’s existence from simple but powerful premises. Christianity - Christianity - The ontological argument: The ontological argument, which proceeds not from the world to its Creator but from the idea of God to the reality of God, was first clearly formulated by St. Anselm (1033/34–1109) in his Proslogion (1077–78). Gaunilo, a monk who was a contemporary of St. Anselm, offered an early and influential reply to the ontological argument. This experiment has been authorized by the editors of the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. In other words, they claim to show that God exists without ever consulting experience or observation. It has always been a favourite argument both with Ontological Arguments.

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