A common measure of this variety, called species richness, is the count of species in an area. 4. Types Of Biodiversity 1.Genetic diversity: variety in the genetic makeup among individuals within a species. To maintain life-supporting systems and essential ecological processes. Biodiversity conservation is the protection and management of biodiversity to obtain resources for sustainable development. Conservation is the protection, preservation, management, or restoration of wildlife and natural resources such as forests and water. • Biodiversity is generally described at three levels: genetic diversity, species diversity and ecosystem diversity. Importance of Biodiversity. 3. It is interesting to see so many types of living beings in both plants and animals. living in a wide range of ecosystems.. Biodiversity is the variation in the living animals on the earth.

2.Species diversity:variety among the species or distinct types of living organisms found in different habitats of the planet. Biodiversity of India. This chapter defines biodiversity and describes how biodiversity can benefit farm productivity and contribute to long term sustainability. INTRODUCTION The term Biodiversity was first coined by Walter G. Rosen in 1986. Sustainable utilization of species and ecosystem. Contents: 1. Through the conservation of biodiversity and the survival of many species and habitats which are threatened due to human activities can be ensured. • For any kind of animal or plant – each individual is not exactly the same as any other; nor are species or ecosystems. Biodiversity reflects the number, variety and variability of living organisms as well as how these change from one location to another and over time.
However, all of them are interdependent for survival.

Biodiversity, also called biological diversity, the variety of life found in a place on Earth or, often, the total variety of life on Earth. 2. Types of Biodiversity. . Biodiversity includes the genetic variability (for which different varieties of spices have appeared in the course of evolution) and diversity of life forms such as plants, animal microbes, etc. It includes diversity within species, between species, and among ecosystems, in sum the diversity of all life on earth.. Ecosystems provide the basic necessities of life such as food, clean air and water. Type of biodiversity 1. BIODIVERSITY BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY or BIODIVERSITY is part of nature which include the differences in genes among the individual of a species ; the variety & richness of all the plant & animal species at different scales in space –locally ,in a region ,in country & the world ;& the types of ecosystem, both terrestrial and aquatic, within a defined area. Chapter 07 BIODIVERSITY 7-1 BIODIVERSITY INTRODUCTION 7. Biological diversity, abbreviated as Biodiversity, represent the sum total of various life forms such as unicellular and multi cellular organisms at various biological levels. Conservations of Biodiversity: In-Situ Conservation and Ex-Situ Conservation! The EU's new biodiversity strategy is an ambitious, constructive and coherent strategy that delivers on the commitment from the EU and its Member States to protect the living world and implement national strategies and action plans to achieve it.
Uses of Biodiversity Biodiversity conservation has three main objectives: To preserve the diversity of species. The chapter also discusses farm management practices for protection of the biodiversity of aquatic life, wildlife and plants. Why is Maintaining Biodiversity Important | 7 points.

Concept of Biodiversity & its Types • Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth. In short, BIODIVERSITY deals with … It is the degree of variation of life forms within a ecosystem or Biome or entire planet called BIODIVERSITY. The Institute for European Environmental Policy is a sustainability think tank. 3.Ecosystem or ecological diversity: variety of forests, deserts, grasslands, streams, lakes, oceans, coral reefs, wetlands and other biological communities.

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